Albanian State Police
In its progress, the Albanian Police has sometimes been at its peak and at other times almost on the verge of extinction, but still on the move and without breaking away.
Its function was a vital need of the state but also a request of the public, because its mission has always been "service to the state and the community, to maintain the order and tranquillity of the country and implement the laws".
The first organization of the Police was a directorate based in Vlorë, headed first by Halim Gostivari from Gjakova and then by Fehmi Mezhgorani from Tepelena.
Historically, the Albanian Police has had advice from foreign experts, where many specialists have left their trace and helped to preserve the identity and civilian mission of the Police, as well as the Europeanization of legal norms for tracking, investigating, arresting, protecting the rights and freedoms of citizens from various violations, forced entry into their homes, unarmed gatherings, etc.
In the years 1919-1920, the government appreciated the importance of the Police, organized the General Directorate of World Peace and gave powers to sub-prefectures and prefectures to organize police offices and appoint police officers to duty. The structures of the Local Police were extended to 14 sub-prefectures, with effective 5 commissary, 8 vice commissary, 43 policemen and named "Komiseri".
The General Directorate of Police had its budget in November 1919, for the first time in its history, which was further increased in 1920, due to the fact that the salary of police officers was increased by 30% with the argument that " this affects the improvement of the situation and the increase of the will of the policemen".
The year 1920 brought the reorganization of the Police with police directorates in the prefectures and the increase of its organic limit, promoting many directors and police commissary, many of whom came from local administrators or leaders in the gendarmerie or army/militia structures.
In 1921, the role of the Police was strengthened and special attention was paid to the ability to carry out procedural actions from the moment of notification of the criminal offence, follow criminal offence with great responsibility and document them rigorously in a report every two weeks.
The control of the territory was considered an important task and the right to act arbitrarily against individuals was limited in the method of policing.
In 1927 and 1928, we have the organization of the Police according to the Italian model and in accordance with the law on Civil Administration, with the aim of giving all powers to the prefect for police control.
The period 1939-1944 was under the influence of the Second World War and the Police was mostly a structure of peace in the specific circumstances that the war brings.
Initially, it was part of the armed police force in Albania, under the leadership of the Council of Ministers, but included in the police force of the Kingdom of Italy.
In the structure of its organizations, the Central Directorate of Public Security, prefecture offices, offices in sub-prefectures and border offices and land and sea post-ports stand out.
The police was under the supervision of the permanent adviser of the Italian police and many other Italian officials.
It should be added that there was a strengthening of the police and an increase in the range of its responsibilities.
The country’s liberation from the Nazi-fascist occupation brought new policies to the police mission. The nuclei of police units created in the liberated areas during the war were ready to take on the responsibility of maintaining peace in the country.
In May 1945, the official document for the new organization of the police came into being, when the military structures of the district commands were reorganized and the People’s Police was created.
The People’s Police was a structure of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, it depended on its Directorate and in the period 1946-1948 the organic limit varied from 2286 people to 3766 people.
Until 1982, the organic limit of the State Police was approximately in these figures, while international and internal developments influenced the increase of the organic limit of the Police, so much so that in 1991 the number of law-and-order employees reached the limits of 21,000 employee.
At the beginning of these years, the creation of special forces structures, the addition of numerous security measures for VIPs and especially the increase in the number of border police had their origins.
The period from 1992 onwards was accompanied by the reformation of structures, personnel, policing standards and the significant improvement of the infrastructure.
If we take stock of the 105-year journey of the Albanian Police, we first have the moral and spiritual obligation to bow down in deep reverence and respect in front of the holy graves, tombstones or memorials of Police officers who fell in the line of duty in the name of sublime sacrifice in fulfillment of the legal mission to guarantee public order and peace in the country.
Secondly, we honor and appreciate all the honest members of the Police, all those who contributed and sacrificed in the face of criminal elements, in every corner of the homeland, far from their families and in unfavorable working and living conditions but with inner conviction and the high passion to serve with vigilance and rigor the law, protecting the lives of citizens with their lives and guaranteeing a peaceful future in the country.
For years, the Albanian police has been alongside the modern European police, equal and on the common front against crime.
The intellectual and professional potentials of the Albanian Police are of a level and standards that ensure high efficiency in the fulfillment of its mission, the legal and professional performance of responsibilities, both in the field of organized crime and in the field of policing as a whole.
The Albanian Police, as never before, today is encouraged by international partners, is in close cooperation with many law-enforcement institutions and has sufficient standards and capacities to properly carry out investigation methods, as well as having information technology and applying relevant modern systems.
The Albanian Police has earned more than three honorary titles in 105 years of journey through the flames of crime and triumphs over all-round difficulties, revealing professional values, human values and winning heartfelt thanks as the defenders of human lives, in the service of the citizen, in the implementation of the law.